Major Types of Vulnerability Assessments You Should Know


A vulnerability assessment is the systematic evaluation and identification of possible threats and vulnerabilities in software or an information system. These assessments determine if the system is vulnerable to attacks, assign severity levels to vulnerabilities, and even suggest remedial methods, such as container image scanning solutions.

These assessments involve testing systems and apps for vulnerabilities ranging from phishing attacks and weak or default admin passwords to flawed authentication methods and SQL injections. Let’s take a closer look at the various sorts of vulnerability assessments to get a better grasp of the scans performed and the scope covered.

Host Vulnerability Assessment

Hosts on TCP/IP networks exchange data with other devices. They may connect to a network through a user interface or specialized software.

The host interacts with other hosts using transport layer protocols within the scope of the open systems interconnection paradigm. A web server, often known as the host, is in charge of storing and transferring data for organizations that have websites. If the company selects cloud hosting, the functioning of its website is managed by many servers distributed across many physical locations. Remote hosts and other virtual ones operate similarly. 

Network Vulnerability Assessment

Network vulnerabilities are defects in the software, hardware, or processes that control the flow of data workloads, user traffic, and computing demands inside an organization’s information technology networks. Vulnerabilities in a network may begin with hardware components at the physical layer of the OSI model and progress to the application layer.

Due to the wide range of technologies that compose an IT network, it is difficult to keep track of networking vulnerabilities. Every piece of hardware and software service originates from a different provider and is vulnerable to its own set of security issues.

Even if all device software and firmware are kept up-to-date and maintained, the network fabric may still be vulnerable to unauthorized access due to firewall and traffic routing configuration problems.

Database Vulnerability Assessment

Assessing a database’s vulnerability requires examining the database’s setup and architecture in search of vulnerabilities. As databases contain sensitive information that must be kept out of the hands of hostile actors, a thorough audit of the system is required.

Some of the most important responsibilities include reviewing authentication methods, server operating system versions, application code, firewall rules, and antivirus software to identify potential vulnerabilities.

Database vulnerability assessments may be performed remotely, which means that business operations do not have to be affected. However, if the database server is not well documented or if the scanners do not have proper access to the server, carrying out these tests may be more challenging.

Application Vulnerability Assessment

An application vulnerability assessment identifies issues in software programs such as desktop apps, mobile apps, and web applications.

These assessments often include testing the program for common vulnerabilities like SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), and cross-site request forgery (CSRF). In the process of assessing application vulnerabilities, both automated and manual procedures can be employed.

Social Engineering Vulnerability Assessment

When someone uses psychology to trick you into doing something or revealing information, they are participating in social engineering. A social engineering vulnerability assessment will put employees through a series of tests to discover whether or not they are susceptible to this kind of attack. You will be able to protect your systems more effectively if you understand how possible attackers could use social methods to get access to restricted data.

In most circumstances, an ethical hacker would try to trick employees into disclosing sensitive information like company passwords or credit card numbers. They might pose as a customer or even someone further up in the management chain. It is a great way to identify whether or not your company’s staff needs further security training

Build Vulnerability Assessment

Build assessment is the process of reviewing new versions of software or apps for any performance or security issues. As a consequence of these security flaws, the application’s performance may deteriorate in the future. Furthermore, hackers are always looking for security flaws and gaps that they might attack to get access to a system.

As a result, a build vulnerability assessment may aid in simplifying and standardizing an assessment of the layouts of your applications and systems, as well as the architecture of your security systems and the technology that has been implemented in your current setup. 


Businesses of all sizes should do vulnerability assessments regularly to ensure the overall safety of their information technology infrastructure. These in-depth assessments not only protect organizations against destructive cyber-attacks but also assist them in establishing a trustworthy image in the eyes of their customers about the security of their data.



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